Brown spots on the scalp: causes and treatment

What triggers the development of brown spots on the scalp? Find out the answers and more details below.

Brown spots on the scalp: causes and treatment

Sometimes brown spots may appear on the scalp for various reasons. Here is more information about how brown spots on the scalp look:

The appearance of brown spots on the scalp: causes

Learn more about the various causes of brown patches on the scalp by reading the following:

1. Sun exposure

The sun's UV rays can induce areas of hyperpigmentation, which can also cause brown spots to form on the scalp and other parts of the body including the hands and arms.

However, in the majority of cases, these brown spots are hidden by the head hair and go unnoticed. However, because they cause bald spots to emerge and hair loss, these brown spots must be treated in order to disappear.

2. Skin cancer

One of the dangerous medical illnesses that manifests strangely on the surface of the scalp is skin cancer. Because skin cancer appears brown or black, and darkened or discolored moles indicate the presence of skin cancer.

3. Seborrheic keratoses

It is a benign tumour that develops on the scalp or other parts of the body as distinct brown patches that vary in hue until they are black. It spreads in adulthood and is more prevalent in people over 50.

4. A skin lesion on the scalp

Moles appear on the surface of the skin as a result of the growth of pigment cells called melanocytes, and they appear in the form of a brown or black bump on the scalp, and they are monitored to notice any development on them that may require treatment.

Symptoms appear with brown spots

People who have brown or black spots may experience other symptoms, such as:

  • Itchy scalp in 16%.
  • 15% protrusion and lump in the scalp.
  • Headache by 11%.

These symptoms can persist anywhere from a few days to a month.

The appearance of brown spots on the scalp: treatment

The following are the many therapy options according to each case individually:

1. Addressing sunlight's effects

Brown spots caused by sunlight are treated by using one of the modern techniques that uses clear light pulses targeting the surface of the skin in order to reduce pigmentation and unify skin color, and it also has promising results in getting rid of the effects of sunlight on the scalp and unifying its color.

2. Handling scalp skin cancer

There are several treatments that may be used to get rid of brown spots on the scalp caused by cancer, here are some of them:

  • Surgery is frequently the first line of treatment for skin cancer and involves removing malignant lesions from the skin.
  • When a skin cancer is large, radiotherapy is used as either the initial treatment or the second treatment after surgery.
  • Chemotherapy is only utilised if the melanoma is on the epidermis.
  • Immunotherapy: Aids the body's defences in eliminating cancer cells.
  • When a skin cancer on the scalp has not penetrated far into the skin, freezing is utilised.

3. Eliminate seborrheic keratoses.

Usually, no treatment is used if it does not cause any symptoms, but in other cases liquid nitrogen, electrosurgery, or laser surgery are used .

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