Hgb Test for Pregnant Women: Your Comprehensive Guide

Because pregnancy is a stage that requires great care and attention from the mother, the pregnant woman must perform a set of analyzes and medical examinations periodically, so what about the Hgb analysis for the pregnant woman? Find out more in our next article.

Hgb Test for Pregnant Women: Your Comprehensive Guide

The health of the fetus is part of the health of the mother, and therefore the pregnant woman always performs a different set of medical examinations and analyzes, including the Hgb analysis for the pregnant woman. Here are more specifics about it:

Hgb test for pregnant women

Hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein present in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body, is measured as a percentage of blood in this analysis.

A regular test called a haemoglobin analysis could reveal a pregnant woman's health issue. A vein is used to draw a sample of blood, which is then put in a special tube to keep it from clotting and preserve it. It does not require any prior preparation by the pregnant woman to conduct this analysis and take a sample from it.

Reasons for conducting an Hgb test for pregnant women

The pregnant lady is asked to undergo this examination by the doctor as part of usual care or if certain conditions exist, the most significant of which are the following:

  1. Feeling tired, weak, dizzy, pale face and other signs of anemia. 
  2. Having a family history of thalassemia or sickle cell anemia and other genetic blood disorders. 
  3.  Exposure to a long-term infection. 
  4. A diet low in iron and other minerals. 

Hgb test results for pregnant women

There are several reasons why a pregnant woman's haemoglobin level may be higher or lower than the recommended range of 12 to 14 grammes per deciliter, as shown below:

  • High haemoglobin causes

The following are indications of a high haemoglobin level:

  1. lung diseases.
  2. Heart disease .
  3. Polycythemia vera, a disorder in which the body produces too many red blood cells.  
  • low haemoglobin causes

As the volume of the woman's blood grows by 50% during pregnancy, the percentage of haemoglobin drops to ensure that the foetus receives the necessary nutrients.

By the eighth week of pregnancy, the pregnant woman's blood plasma level surpasses her red blood cell level. As a result of the low red blood cell concentration in the blood, the haemoglobin level falls to 10.5, and if the percentage decreases further, this requires special care.

How can increase hemoglobin when pregnant?

You should speak with a doctor, take iron supplements, and eat a balanced diet that raises the body's percentage of iron because haemoglobin may decrease during pregnancy.

The following foods are a few that could be helpful in this:

  • Fruits that are high in iron include guava, kiwi, peaches, figs, and apples.
  • Leafy vegetables and food grains.
  • Foods rich in vitamin C because it helps in the absorption of iron, for example: lemon and orange.

Other important tests for pregnant women are related to the Hgb test

The Hgb test for a pregnant woman, as we have demonstrated above, is one of the crucial tests needed by the doctor to determine whether the pregnant lady has anaemia and other health issues, and other connected analyses include the following:

  • Hematocrit test: This examination calculates the proportion of red blood cells in a blood sample.
  • Complete Blood Count Test: It gives a general picture of the blood of a pregnant woman and may give indications of anemia or infection in a pregnant woman.

A pregnant woman is likely to have iron deficiency anaemia if her erythrocyte sedimentation rate is below the normal range and she also has a low haemoglobin percentage.

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