How to calculate the menstrual cycle?

Many people are interested in calculating the menstrual cycle for many purposes. This page will go over the menstrual cycle's calculation as well as other relevant information.

How to calculate the menstrual cycle?

Throughout the course of the menstrual cycle, the uterine lining thickens in preparation for pregnancy.

Based on the importance of the date of the cycle and the stages it includes such as ovulation , it is important to know how to calculate the menstrual cycle, so how is the menstrual cycle calculated?

How to calculate the menstrual cycle

Understanding your menstrual cycle and identifying important changes like missed or late periods, unexpected bleeding, or menstruation can be aided by keeping track of your cycle and learning how to calculate your menstrual cycle. Although irregular periods are not harmful in habit, they may be an indication of a health issue.

The mechanism and how to calculate the menstrual cycle is by counting and counting from the first day on which the bleeding begins, which usually lasts from 3-5 days and may reach a week, and varies from one woman to another until the day the bleeding starts again in the next cycle, and it usually reaches the length of the cycle. the 28-day period beginning on the first of each month after the first day of bleeding during which the body undergoes a number of changes and phases.

We would like to emphasise that any menstrual cycle length that falls between 21 and 45 days is regarded as normal. For instance, younger women tend to have lengthier menstrual periods and may not start at the same time, i.e. they are irregular, especially in the first two years of beginning their menstrual cycle. As for older women age, their cycles are usually shorter and more regular and consistent.

What phases does the menstrual cycle go through?

The following are the phases of the cycle Monthly: Premenstrual: The pituitary gland in the brain and the ovaries stimulate chemicals secreted into the body called hormones, where these hormones are manufactured and secreted at certain times during the menstrual cycle, causing the reproductive system to respond in certain ways.

1. The phase of menstruation

It is the first phase in which the beginning of the menstrual cycle is calculated, in which the sloughed endometrium is removed through the vagina in the event that no pregnancy occurs, and it usually continues, as we mentioned earlier, from 3-5 days.

2. The follicular phase

It usually occurs from day 6-14 of the menstrual cycle, in which the estrogen hormone rises and the lining of the uterus thickens, and an egg is produced in this phase to be released in the next phase.

3. Ovulation

Ovulation usually occurs on day 14 of the 28-day menstrual cycle, when an egg is released from the ovary.

4. The luteal phase

This phase continues from the 15th day of the cycle until its end, during which the progesterone level rises to prepare the lining of the uterus for pregnancy, as the egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus, and if it is fertilized by a sperm and sticks to the wall of the uterus, pregnancy occurs, and if pregnancy does not occur, the levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease once. to begin a fresh cycle for others through menstruation.

When should you visit the doctor?

There are a group of signs and conditions that indicate a problem with the menstrual cycle, and necessitate a doctor's consultation, including:

  • recurring missed periods or cessation of periods altogether.
  • Irregular periods.
  • bleed for more than seven days.
  • bleeding in between cycles, as long as it is heavier than simple spotting.

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