What are the causes of sudden inability to speak?

Some persons experience sudden loss of speech and verbal expression. Why did you suddenly lose the capacity to speak? What are its signs and symptoms? Are there factors that increase the risk of this problem?

What are the causes of sudden inability to speak?

Aphasia, also known as the inability to speak, is a condition that affects a person's capacity to communicate, express, write, and comprehend spoken or written language. It typically develops suddenly following a head injury or stroke, but it can also develop gradually as a result of a slowly growing brain tumour.

The severity of the condition depends on the causes of the sudden inability to speak and the extent of brain damage. Why did you suddenly lose the capacity to speak?

Reasons for sudden inability to speak

Any factor that could result in brain damage could be one of the causes of sudden inability to speak. The most frequent causes of sudden inability to speak include the following. Aphasia, or sudden loss of speech, occurs when damage occurs in the parts of the brain responsible for language production and understanding.

  • The most frequent reason for a sudden loss of speech capacity is a stroke.
  • Severe head injury. 
  • Advanced or progressive neurological conditions, which are conditions that cause damage to the brain and nervous system in general over time, such as Alzheimer's disease or dementia.
  • Aneurysms... 
  • Cerebral hypoxia is damage to the brain due to a lack of oxygen.
  • Congenital and developmental problems that occur to the child due to problems in its development in the mother’s womb.
  • Inherited genetic problems, such as Wilson 's disease.
  • brain surgery, brain infection, or immune-mediated brain inflammation.
  • Radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
  • poisoning from substances like carbon monoxide or heavy metals.

Aphasia, or the abrupt loss of speech, can occasionally happen for a variety of reasons, including an epileptic fit, a severe migraine, a transient ischemia event, or what is referred to as a mini stroke.

Factors that increase the risk of sudden inability to speak

Aphasia can afflict people of any age, including youngsters, but since strokes are the most prevalent reason for a person to suddenly lose their ability to speak, persons who are middle-aged or older are more likely to have this issue.

We also do not forget that advanced or progressive neurological conditions that occur in the elderly are among the causes of sudden inability to speak as well, so aphasia is more common in people over 65 years of age.

Symptoms of sudden inability to speak

The symptoms of a sudden loss of speech can range from mild to severe and depend on the area of the brain that has been damaged, as well as the severity and extent of this damage. Because the symptoms of the various types of aphasia can overlap, only a doctor is qualified to diagnose the condition and distinguish between the various types of aphasia.

In addition to speaking and expressive and receptive communication, aphasia can impair reading, writing, understanding, and other verbal skills. Symptoms of sudden inability to speak include the following:

  • symptoms of expressive communication disorders

Symptoms impacting expressive communication, which is communication that uses words and sentences, include the following:

  1. Using short, incomplete words or sentences.
  2. Speaking incomprehensible to others.
  3. Using wrong or meaningless words.
  4. Wrong word order.
  • symptoms that interfere with receiving communication

Receptive communication is communication that includes understanding and analyzing the speech of others. It can cause the following symptoms:

  1. Difficulty understanding other people's words.
  2. Difficulty understanding or following fast speech.
  3. Misunderstanding or misunderstanding of figurative speech.

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