Complications of myocardial infarction

Are the side effects of heart muscle weakness fatal? Is it preventable? Find answers in this article.

Complications of myocardial infarction

Heart muscle disease called cardiomyopathy makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body. What side effects can a myocardial infarction cause? Is it preventable? Follow the answers and other information in the following lines:

Complications of myocardial infarction: general

Complications resulting from a weak heart muscle vary according to the type of disorder that the patient suffers from, but in general they are serious and include the following: ​

1. Heart failure

Shortness of breath when lying down, swelling of the legs and ankles, and extreme exhaustion are all symptoms of heart failure, which is the heart's inability to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.

All forms of cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure, which is a common complication.

2. Blood clots

Blood clots may form in the heart's chambers, which can enter the bloodstream and prevent blood from reaching other organs like the brain. This can happen when the heart is inefficient at pumping blood around the body or when blood flow is slower than usual.

This type of complication usually occurs with some types of cardiomyopathy, especially dilated cardiomyopathy, which causes slower blood flow than usual.

3. Heart valve problems

A weak heart and cardiomyopathy result in an enlarged heart. An enlarged heart can affect the valves , making them unable to close well, and this allows blood to leak and flow in the wrong direction.

4. Cardiac arrest and sudden death

Arrhythmias, some of which are life-threatening and may result in sudden death, can be brought on by heart muscle weakness.

Additionally, some weak and weak cardiomyopathies, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, can result in sudden cardiac arrest, frequently in children and young adults.

Complications of heart muscle weakness: depending on the type of disorder

Here are the types of cardiomyopathy, and their associated complications: 

  • dilated cardiomyopathy  

They raise the risk of valve issues, heart failure, irregular heartbeats, and blood clots.

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

It can result in endocarditis, stiffening of the main heart chambers, irregular heartbeats (atrial fibrillation), and is the most frequent cause of sudden death in children and young adults.

  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy

Even though this type is uncommon, it results in heart failure and the hardening of the walls of the heart's main chambers.

  • Right ventricular cardiomyopathy caused by an arrhythmia

May cause arrhythmias and heart failure.

Can complications from heart failure be prevented?

Complications of heart muscle weakness can be life-threatening, but treatments can extend a patient's life by slowing the deterioration of the heart muscle or by providing techniques to help the heart work more efficiently. Additionally, one can alter their way of life to strengthen their heart and lower their risk of complications by doing things like:

  • Do regular exercise.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Limiting fatty and sugary foods while emphasising fruits, vegetables, and whole grains will help you maintain a heart-healthy diet.
  • Reducing stress .
  • Quit Smoking.
  • Follow up the health condition with the doctor and adhere to all medications.

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