Decreased tooth enamel formation in children

Have you ever heard of the issue with children's tooth enamel deficiency? More details in this article.

Decreased tooth enamel formation in children

The lack of tooth enamel formation is attributed to the failure of the tooth enamel to form properly , as the percentage of its formation is less than normal, and although the tooth enamel is the most solid layer in the human body, it does not carry living cells and is not able to renew itself. In this article, we provide more information about children's tooth enamel deficiencies.

What are the symptoms of lack of tooth enamel in children?

Children who lack tooth enamel may experience the following symptoms:

  • Grooved, fissured, and small teeth.
  • White spots on the teeth.
  • Brownish-yellow pigmentation.
  • Sensitivity to cold or hot.
  • In addition to being crooked, the teeth also have space between them.
  • sensitivity to foods or beverages with acidity.
  • increased contact with dangerous dental bacteria and caries.

What are the causes of lack of tooth enamel formation in children?

There are several factors that could prevent children from developing tooth enamel, including:

1. Genetic causes

A genetic disorder called enamel deficiency disease prevents the formation of tooth enamel. Given that it may affect 1 in 14,000 people, this illness is uncommon. There are also a number of genetic diseases that may be the cause of this deficiency, such as:

  • Usher syndrome.
  • Seckel syndrome.
  • Ellis-van Creveld syndrome.
  • Treacher Collins syndrome.

2. Prenatal reasons

There are some prenatal factors that prevent children from developing tooth enamel after birth, such as:

  • Lack of vitamin D in the mother.
  • Maternal weight gain during pregnancy.
  • Maternal smoking during pregnancy.
  • Maternal drug abuse.
  • Lack of prenatal care.
  • Premature birth.
  • Low birth weight of the child.
  • Multiple or consecutive births.
  • Maternal gestational diabetes. 

3. Environmental factors

This lack of tooth enamel formation may be caused by a variety of environmental factors, such as:

  • Trauma to the teeth.
  • inflammation.
  • Calcium deficiency .
  • vitamin deficiencies, including those in vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin C.
  • Jaundice or liver disease.
  • wheat allergy
  • Cerebral Palsy.
  • Hypothyroidism.
  • Swallowing large amounts of fluoride.
  • Viral or bacterial infection.

How can the lack of tooth enamel be treated in children?

Treatment options for tooth enamel deficiencies include the following:

  1. Dental veneers prepared from stainless steel: These veneers differ from other veneers, with their low cost, in addition to the possibility of their installation in one session. 
  2. Tooth enamel abrasion: Enamel abrasion helps to give a better shape to the teeth. 
  3. Mercury amalgam filling: This filling is a good solution, but there are some categories that are prohibited from using it, such as: (children under 6 years old, and children with neurological problems, kidney problems, or an allergy to mercury ).

What are the complications of lack of tooth enamel in children?

The following is a list of the effects of tooth enamel deficiency:

1. A higher risk of tooth decay

For several reasons, including:

  • removing dental deposits with difficulty.
  • brushing teeth is challenging because of their sensitivity.
  • When eating or drinking citrus fruits, teeth erode more quickly.

2. Other complications

It includes the following:

  • All of the teeth have a brown tint to them.
  • Extractions. 

Tips for maintaining milk teeth in children

There are some recommendations for keeping children's milk teeth, including:

  • using a soft brush to brush your teeth twice a day.
  • Rinsing with warm water.

Refrain from eating acidic and sugary foods as much as possible.

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