Is brucellosis dangerous?

Is brucellosis dangerous? What are the effects of it? And how might it be handled? This article contains the solution.

Is brucellosis dangerous?

Brucella, the bacterium that causes brucellosis, can infect both people and animals. In this article, we will address the answer to the question: Is brucellosis dangerous?

Is brucellosis dangerous? 

Even though brucellosis is uncommon, it can be dangerous, so if you think you might have it, you should see a doctor.

It poses the following risks:

1. The ease of transmission

The ease of transmission of maltese fever is one of its distinguishing features. Humans can contract the infection from infected animals, and the bacteria can also be spread through eating, breathing, or touching open wounds.

2. Difficulty eliminating infection

Unfortunately, brucellosis-causing bacteria cannot be completely eradicated by antibiotic treatment. In some cases, the doctor may need to prescribe multiple drugs, and the bacteria may still persist despite all treatment efforts, leading to serious complications.

What are the complications of brucellosis?

In order to fully address the query "Is brucellosis dangerous?" We'll discuss the difficulties.

Although brucellosis may result in some complications, some of which may be fatal, brucellosis rarely results in death.

Mostly, patients can live with it, especially if it does not cause complications for them. The following are the most significant side effects of brucellosis infection:

  1. Brain inflammation.
  2. The appearance of lesions on the bones and joints.
  3. Inflammation of the testicles (Epididymo-orchitis).
  4. Endocarditis.
  5. meningitis

How can the risk of brucellosis be reduced?

The risk of brucellosis when contracting it can be reduced by knowing the symptoms and receiving treatment as soon as they appear. The techniques for diagnosis and treatment are as follows:

  • Diagnosis of brucellosis

Typically, when a patient exhibits certain symptoms, the doctor will order certain tests, such as:

  1. Fever is one of the most common symptoms.
  2. Back pain.
  3. Body aches and pains. 
  4. Loss of appetite and weight loss.
  5. Headache.
  6. night sweats

Here are some required checks:

  1. blood test.
  2. Urine examination.
  3. Taking a sample of bone marrow and culturing it.
  4. Cerebrospinal fluid examination.
  5. Measurement of antibody levels to brucellosis.
  • Treatment of brucellosis 

Antibiotics are used to treat malta fever, and typically two medications—Doxycycline and Rifampin—are prescribed. These medications must be taken continuously for at least six weeks and possibly longer.

Antibiotics are frequently used in combination for treatment. In order to reduce the risk of antibiotic resistance and the possibility of the disease returning, the following antibiotics may be prescribed:

  1. Streptomycin.
  2. Ciprofloxacin or Ofloxacin.
  3. Sulfamethoxazole/ trimethoprim.
  4. Tetracycline.

Can brucellosis be prevented? 

Is the brucellosis condition so severe that it cannot be avoided? Fortunately, brucellosis can be prevented, and here are the most important tips that may help you reduce the risk of brucellosis:

  • Steer clear of cheese, unpasteurized milk, and raw meat.
  • When handling animals or their tissues, be sure to put on safety goggles and gloves.
  • If you must handle animal blood, cover any open wounds you may have.
  • Give your pets the brucellosis vaccine because humans cannot get it, so you must take the precautions outlined above to lessen your risk of contracting the disease.

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