Prolactin hormone in men

We usually associate the prolactin hormone with women, but in fact, the prolactin hormone in men exists and has functions, and any increase in it leads to an imbalance in the body. For more details on the topic, keep reading the article.

Prolactin hormone in men

The following are some of the most significant facts and information about the prolactin hormone in men:

Prolactin hormone in men

First, let's get to know the prolactin hormone, as it is a hormone that is secreted from the pituitary gland located at the bottom of the brain. Both men and women's bodies secrete this hormone, but men only produce a small amount of it.

The importance of the prolactin hormone in men lies in its positive effect on sperm production if it is at its normal levels, which range from 2-18 ng / milliliter, but in the event that these levels are high, the man is exposed to many health problems.

Problems with high prolactin hormone in men

Hyperprolactinemia, or high prolactin levels in men, causes the following symptoms:

  • Galactorrhea: The discharge of milk from a man's breast is known as galactorrhea.
  • Impotence is a condition that makes it impossible to get an erection in time for sexual activity.
  • Reduced testosterone production causes a man to lose interest in the idea of sexual activity for extended periods of time, resulting in decreased sexual desire.
  • Infertility is a condition that can occur when there is insufficient sperm production due to a high prolactin level or when there is no sperm production at all.
  • Many men do not like having no body or facial hair, so when this symptom suddenly appears, it is important to consider the causes and get the necessary tests done.
  • Undiagnosed headaches and vision issues are additional issues.

Reasons for high prolactin hormone in men

It consisted of the following:

1. Prolactinoma

The most prevalent thyroid tumour is a prolactinoma, which accounts for 40% of all other tumours and is more common in women.

The prolactinoma is a non-cancerous disease whose cause is unknown, and it can be treated with medication or through surgery to remove it. Since this tumour is one of the causes of infertility in both men and women, it should not be left untreated.

2. Using certain prescription drugs

The leaflet that comes with the medicine packages frequently explains how any medication that affects the production of dopamine may also affect the production of the hormone prolactin.

The most prominent drugs that have an effect on dopamine are drugs for treating mental conditions, drugs for treating high blood pressure, and some types of pain relievers.

3. Hypothyroidism

When the thyroid gland does not release enough hormones into the bloodstream, it is a common condition that manifests and leads to numerous pathological changes in the body.

4. Other reasons men's prolactin levels are high

It consisted of the following:

  • Eat some herbs, such as fenugreek, red clover, and fennel seeds.
  • Surgical scars, shingles, or wearing chest straps that are too tight can all cause chest wall irritation.
  • Stress and exercise: This is when exercise is too intense and excessive.
  • Exposure to physical problems,  including:  kidney disease and liver failure.

Treatment of high prolactin hormone in men

Finding the condition's primary cause and then initiating treatment are necessary for treatment. The information about the treatment is as follows:

  • Use medications to treat pituitary tumours or have the tumour surgically removed.
  • If you don't have enough thyroid hormones, take alternative medications.
  • If the medication is the cause of the elevated prolactin hormone, stop taking it and talk to your doctor about alternatives.
  • taking drugs that lower prolactin levels to normal ranges; this is done for a set amount of time; the two most well-known of these drugs are cabergoline and bromocriptine.

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