Retinal detachment: know it

What does the heart's retinal operation entail? How does it get made? What takes place during it? Answers and more you can find in the article.

Retinal detachment: know it

Please inform us of the following pertinent facts and details regarding the retinal heart operation:

Retinal surgery: what is it?

A heart catheterization procedure that involves placing stents in constricted arteries in order to maintain blood flow to the heart is commonly referred to as "cardiac stent surgery."

Heart retinal surgery may be performed in an emergency situation, whereby blockages in the arteries are found during catheterization and the doctor immediately indicates the need to insert stents, or whereby the operation may have been planned in advance after evaluating the condition of the arteries with radiological images.

The course of the retinal operation of the heart

The steps of this process are as follows in detail:

  • Before retinal surgery  

The patient is asked to follow these instructions before the procedure:

  1. Refrain from eating foods or drinking anything for 4-6 hours before the heart surgery.
  2. Take most of the patient's medications as usual, with changing the timing of some medications if the patient takes them, including: Diabetes treatment medications .
  3. Avoid taking anticoagulant medications, such as: warfarin.
  4. Check blood pressure and pulse.
  5. Emptying the bladder completely, and it may be required to remove dentures, if any, and jewelry that interferes with radiological images. 
  • during retinal surgery

The doctor goes through the procedures listed below:

  1. Placing electrodes on the chest to monitor the heartbeat.
  2. Giving the patient local anesthesia at the place where the tools are inserted.
  3. Inserting a thin, flexible tube through the arteries from the thigh or arm to reach the arteries of the heart , and this tube is connected to a camera linked to a computer to accurately determine the path, and this procedure is called catheterization.
  4. Directing the catheter to the narrowed artery, and inflating a balloon with it to facilitate the process of placing the stent that keeps the artery open.
  5. Remove the catheter from the body and place an adhesive tape on the hole from which the catheter was inserted. 
  6. Lie down for several hours after the operation to allow the arteries to heal and avoid bleeding.

Complications of retinal surgery

Here are some complications that may develop following heart retinal surgery:

1. Complications of general retinal heart surgery

It consisted of the following:

  • Bleeding and bruising from where the catheter was inserted.
  • pain .
  • the catheter-induced blood clot or injury to the blood vessels.
  • Heart rhythm problems, and this effect is usually temporary.

2. Serious and rare risks of retinal heart surgery

There are a number of very serious complications, but it is comforting to know that they are extremely uncommon. The following effects were the most notable of these:

  • Ischemia is a condition in which the blood supply to the heart muscle is reduced.
  • Chest pain that leads to a heart attack.
  • Sudden blockage of a coronary artery.
  • A tear in the lining of the artery.
  • ischemic stroke
  • Kidney damage from the dye used. 

General information about retinal detachment surgery

The following general information about the retinoblastoma procedure was not previously mentioned:

  1. All types of allergies that the patient suffers from must be discussed before undergoing heart retina surgery, especially allergy to dyes, contrast agent to allergy, iodine, and allergy to rubber and latex products . 
  2. Heart retinal surgery takes 30 minutes, and recovery from it takes a few hours, estimated at 5-9 hours, and in some cases the number of hours may be more.
  3. The body's irritation to the stents placed is avoided by taking medications that reduce the body's immune response.  
  4. There are two types of retinas that are placed in the arteries, namely:
    • Bare metal backing.
    • drug-filled stent. This type reduces the risk of the artery blocking again.

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