Why is cortisone used?

Do you ever question the use of cortisone? Find out the answer to it along with other information that interests you in this article.

Why is cortisone used?

Prior to addressing the "Why is cortisone used?" question, We must emphasise that cortisone, which has many medical applications, is the synthetic version of the naturally occurring hormone known as cortisol. In this article, we'll learn more about a few of the most well-known of them.

Why is cortisone used in the form of tablets?

Cortisone contributes to the alleviation of inflammatory symptoms and the immune response, in addition to being used in replacement therapies for certain hormones. The following conditions and diseases are among the most common conditions for which cortisone is used:

  • Adrenal insufficiency.
  • a number of joint infections, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, as it is used to lessen attacks.
  • additionally to lessen the intensity of its attacks, Ankylosing Spondylitis.
  • Lupus.
  • Severe psoriasis and other skin diseases.
  • Anemia.
  • Seasonal allergies and other types of allergies.
  • Ulcerative colitis.
  • Asthma.

It is important to note that because cortisone and other corticosteroids have a rapid effect, they should only be used temporarily when a disease first manifests and while waiting for the long-term medications to take effect. This is because prolonged use of these drugs increases the risk of complications.

Why is cortisone used in the form of injections?

When a disease or condition is severe or chronic, cortisone injections are typically used to treat the following diseases and conditions:

  1. Arthritis: This is when it causes persistent swelling in one joint.
  2. Gout attacks: when they cause severe inflammation in the toe that makes walking difficult.
  3. Autoimmune disorders: diseases in which the immune system attacks healthy body cells.
  4. Bursitis: after removing fluids from the inflamed bursa, as these injections increase the possibility of getting rid of symptoms and not returning this inflammation again.
  5. Osteoarthritis and tendonitis: when they cause pain in the joints that have not been treated successfully by non-surgical methods.

It's important to note that cortisone injections are frequently administered to the following body parts:

  • joints, particularly those in the shoulder, spine, hands, feet, and palms.
  • tendons.
  • the fluid-filled sacs called bursae that are situated between bones, tendons, and joints.

Why is topical corticosteroid used?

When used as creams or other topical preparations, cortisone is used to treat a variety of illnesses and skin issues, including the following:

  1. Insect bites, poison oak, and poison ivy are usually treated with over-the-counter cortisone creams.
  2. Dermatitis, including eczema.
  3. allergy.
  4. Skin rash.
  5. Psoriasis, and usually use cortisone creams that need a prescription to buy them because their effect is stronger than what is sold without a prescription.
  6. Itching in the female external genitalia or anus.

It is noteworthy that cortisone is also available as a spray that is used to treat conditions like sinusitis and asthma.

Cortisone side effects

We have now examined cortisone's most noticeable side effects after explaining why it is used:

1. Discs

Common side effects of cortisone tablets include:  

  • mental confusion
  • Headache.
  • fidgeting
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • overweight.
  • sleep disturbance
  • Skin problems, including: acne, skin thinning and redness.
  • excessive sweating

2. Injections

The main side effects of cortisone injections include: 

  • Weaken the immune system.
  • Raising blood sugar levels.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • fluid retention.
  • Hypertension.
  • mood swings

3. Creams

The following are the primary negative effects that cortisone creams may have:

  • Twitching.
  • cremation.
  • irritability
  • Drought.
  • flushing
  • young love.
  • Unusual hair growth.
  • Folliculitis .

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